Strain: Laetiporus sulphureus AM-G131
Common Names: WesAM-G131 Sulfur Shelf, Chicken of the Woods, Laetiporus conifericola De (Laetiporus conifericola的), Trutovik serno-geltiy khvoiniy (трутовик серно-жёлтый хвойный)
Like a golden-orange beacon in the summer woods, the chicken-of-the-woods mushroom (Laetiporus sulphureus) can be an illuminating site! David Arora calls this mushroom one of the “foolproof four,” because it’s one of the easiest edible wild mushrooms to identify. The cap starts out knob like, becoming shelf-like with age extending 5-70cm broad by up to 4 cm thick. The cap surface is smooth to suede-like, bright orange in color with a creamy yellow margin, making the fruiting body reminiscent of candy corn. The flesh is thick, soft and watery when it’s fresh. The odor is fungal and the taste when raw is acidic or nearly mild. However, when cooked this mushroom tastes like meat (almost like chicken sausage) and has the same texture as extra firm tofu. The pores are a bright sulfur-yellow with 2-4 pores per mm. The mushroom is attached sessile, and grows in overlapping clusters and sometimes solitary. It can be found around the world fruiting from living and dead tree stumps, roots, branches and trunks. It is a facultative parasite causing a cubical brown rot, a destructive heartwood rot on its host. Chicken-of-the woods can be found fruiting on eucalyptus in coastal California from September to October, and on conifers and oaks from November to December. On the east coast of the U.S., it fruits from June-September on oak and other hardwoods. This mushroom can be cultivated indoors and outdoors on sterilized hardwood sawdust or on logs, respectively in the same manner as shiitake.
Cellulose Decomposers: Hardwood Sawdust
Most popular species under cultivation are naturally wood inhabiting fungi. So, growing on sawdust is a logical choice. Sawdust is mixed with wheat bran (or another nitrogen source) at 5-15% and Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) (a buffering agent) at 2-3%, and filled into autoclavable bags. The bags are sterilized for a minimum of 1 hour at 121°C (15 psi when at sea level). Note sterilization exposure times vary depending on pressure and elevation. Finally, the substrate is cooled to at least 25°C (approx. 80°F) then, inoculated with grain or liquid spawn and incubated at appropriate temp for the species until colonization is complete.
History: Isolated By Aloha Medicinals field team
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